City profile

Zhengzhou is the capital of Henan province, and the political, economic, cultural, financial, scientific and educational center of Henan province. The city has six districts, five cities, one county, Zhengzhou New Area, Zhengzhou Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone under jurisdiction. The total area of Zhengzhou city is 7,446.2 km2, of which the urban area is 1,010.3 km2; the total population in Zhengzhou is 8.63 million, of which the urban population is 4.25 million. Zhengzhou was historically the capital city for five times, a state for eight dynasties, one of eight ancient capitals of China, and a member of the World Historical Cities Association. 5,000 years ago, human ancestor Yellow Emperor was born and built capital here. 3,600 years ago, Zhengzhou became the capital in the early- and middle-stage of Shang Dynasty, and is the birthplace of Shang civilization. The city has more than 10,000 cultural relics, including 43 items of 38 national key cultural relics protection units. "Tiandi Zhizhong" historical buildings in Dengfeng, the hometown of the Yellow Emperor, the relics of Shang City and other historical attractions are well known at home and abroad.